The thyroid gland sits above the collarbone at the base of the neck and makes hormones that are important to keeping bodily functions on track. Approximately 52,000 Americans each year are diagnosed with cancer of the thyroid. Thyroid cancer occurs more often in women than in men and other risk factors include high exposure to radiation and/or certain types of inherited syndromes.
When thyroid cancer is detected early, the five-year survival rate is 99 percent for many kinds of thyroid cancer. This means it's important to have regular physical exams that include getting your thyroid checked so that any necessary treatment can begin quickly. Yale Medicine physicians are highly experienced both in diagnosing thyroid cancers if they are present.