Ovulation problems are a common cause of infertility for women. There are several reasons why a woman may not be ovulating or is ovulating irregularly, all of which make it difficult to become pregnant.
Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg travels to the fallopian tube, where it can “mix” with or be fertilized by sperm. If the egg is fertilized, the resulting embryo travels to the uterus, a journey that takes several days. If the embryo implants, you’re pregnant. If it doesn’t, you’ll have your “period.”
Ovulation induction uses fertility medications to stimulate the release of one or more eggs from the ovary. Sometimes, a procedure called intrauterine insemination (IUI) is used in conjunction with ovulation induction to achieve pregnancy. IUI entails placing washed, concentrated sperm directly into a woman’s uterus via a small catheter.
At Yale Fertility Center, we customize treatment to an individual or couple’s specific needs. “Our staff have specific areas of expertise related to the various causes of infertility, and we can individualize the care for each couple,” says Pinar Kodaman, MD, PhD, a reproductive endocrinologist and infertility specialist.