Cancers and other conditions that develop in the voicebox, or larynx, may not be commonplace, but they do present unique challenges related to preserving a patient's voice. Laryngeal surgery is generally recommended for laryngeal cancer, which affects the aerodigestive tract. This tract includes the upper digestive and respiratory organs, such as the mouth, vocal cords, nose, throat, and windpipe. Aerodigestive-related conditions usually appear as a sore throat, or difficulty speaking, swallowing, or breathing. Some aerodigestive illnesses can be treated with medicine, while others require surgery.