Art Therapy Helps Families Cope with Cancer

The art therapy program was created through a donation from Christine Moog, a book designer and Yale graduate.

Healing through art

Elizabeth Ferguson (left), an art therapist at Yale Medicine, comforts cancer patient Judith Kniffin-Shattuck during an art therapy session.

Credit: Robert A. Lisak

Displayed on the mantle of the Rodriguez home in Fairfield County is a large painting that members of the family of four created during an art therapy session at Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale New Haven. The painting is of a tree with the family members’ hand prints as its leaves. “We wanted to create something we could display in our home as a daily reminder of our family,” says Ann Rodriguez. 

A family affair

The Rodriguez family painted this tree to help deal with their sadness.

Reinforcing close bonds of love is especially important for the family right now. That’s because Ann’s husband, Joe, has terminal stomach cancer, meaning he is at the end of his life and is no longer receiving treatment. (The family’s real name has been changed to protect their identities.)

“This artwork reminds us every day that our lives will always be interwoven, no matter where we are,” Ann Rodriguez says. “It’s a reminder that we were once all together physically and will always be together in spirit.” At Smilow, art therapy is offered to the children and families of people who are receiving palliative care­­. It’s also available to the patients themselves.

A key to palliative care

Jennifer Kapo, MD, chief of palliative care at Yale Medicine, believes art therapy is a key part of palliative care.

The program is designed to help patients and their loved ones bond as well as to cope with fear and grief. Using a variety of tools and media, including pencils, pastels, markers, acrylic paint, collage and clay, the art therapist, Elizabeth Ferguson, helps patients and their families express strong feelings. “The reality is that no one is dealing with their illness alone,” Ferguson says. “Every single person in the family has to deal with this illness for a long time to come.”

Also, engaging in art work can offer a welcome distraction for patients and their children. “Art therapy gives children of palliative care patients something fun and productive to do when doctors are talking to their adult family members,” says Ferguson.

Yale Medicine physicians welcome the art therapy program. “The palliative care team collaborates with the oncologist and is there to support the patient and family as they cope with their cancer. Art therapy is a key part of this interdisciplinary support, allowing us to fully care for the person rather than a patient with a disease,” says Jennifer Kapo, MD, chief of palliative care at Yale Medicine.

Art can bring families together

The art therapy program was created through a donation from Christine Moog, a New York City-based book designer who teaches at the Parsons School of Design in Manhattan. Moog is a graduate of Yale University who believes in the therapeutic value of art. Her own father died from cancer, and once she became a parent, she wanted to help create a support system for other families struggling with cancer.

The philanthropist

Christine Moog, a graphic artist and Yale graduate, donated the funds to launch the art therapy program.

“There is a kind of release in non-directed art therapy,” Moog says. “Letting the inside of one’s thoughts and feelings be on the outside on paper or in clay provides a way of working through issues that can be too painful or too deep to access otherwise.” Programs like this are vital, she says, because most cancer funding goes to research, and families experience psychological and social issues as they say goodbye to a loved one.

Within the Rodriquez family, the art therapy program has been especially meaningful for their 8-year-old son, Joseph. “My daughter is 1, so she will not remember her father,” says Ann Rodriguez. “My son says that he wants to inherit the canvas so he can always have it, but that he will share with his sister,” Rodriguez says. “It has left quite an impression on him.”

To find out more about art therapy sessions at Smilow Cancer Hospital, contact Elizabeth.Ferguson@yale.edu or call 203-200-2725.