Dr. Shaywitz’ ongoing neurobiological and longitudinal epidemiological studies track a population-based cohort from kindergarten entry to mature adulthood and have provided cutting-edge, contemporary knowledge of the prevalence, gender composition, universality and precursors, persistence and long-term outcome, including economic consequences of dyslexia in adults. Dyslexia is highly prevalent, affecting one in five and represents over 80% of all learning disabilities. Dr. Shaywitz is currently studying reading and dyslexia in disadvantaged students in New Haven and in students attending a public charter school specialized for dyslexia. In a recent publication, she reported that the “Achievement Gap in Reading is Present as Early as First Grade and Persists Through Adolescence.” This finding inspired her to develop a new instrument, the Shaywitz DyslexiaScreenTM (Pearson), to enable the evidence-based early screening of children for dyslexia by their own teachers. Dr. Shaywitz is the author of over 250 scientific articles and chapters, as well as the award-winning book, Overcoming Dyslexia (Alfred Knopf, 2003, Vintage, 2005).