We also evaluate and care for other kidney disorders including:
Glomerulonephritis, a disease in which the kidneys’ filters become inflamed and scarred and slowly lose their ability to remove wastes and excess fluid from the blood to make urine. We perform a kidney biopsy with CT-scan guidance and analysis from an expert renal pathologist. Our nephrologists, in collaboration with the referring physician, typically oversees care.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, which can be associated with kidney disorders. We evaluate and treat severe cases with medications and surgical procedures.
Diabetic nephropathy, or deterioration of the kidneys, which occurs in five stages, the last of which is called end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Diabetes is the most common cause of ESRD, making up about 44 percent of cases. Progression from one stage to the next can take many years, with 23 years being the average length of time it takes to reach stage five. Treatment may include proper diet, exercise, strict monitoring and controlling of blood-glucose levels, and medication to lower blood pressure.
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD), a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. These cysts can reduce kidney function and lead to kidney failure. Treatment includes patient and family counseling, rigorous blood pressure control, prompt infection treatment and procedures to shrink cysts.
Renal osteodystrophy, a bone disease that occurs when kidneys fail to maintain proper levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood, that often occurs in people with kidney disease who are on dialysis. We make the diagnosis through a bone biopsy and counsel patients on phosphate restriction and often prescribe vitamin D therapies.
All nephrology patients with renal failure are considered potential candidates for kidney transplantation. We refer our patients to Yale New Haven Transplantation Center.