Skip to Main Content
Phase II

Effect of RBT-1 on Preconditioning Response Biomarkers in Subjects Undergoing CABG and/or Cardiac Valve Surgery (START)

  • Study HIC#:2000030910
  • Last Updated:02/10/2022

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of RBT-1 (stannous protoporphyrin [SnPP]/iron sucrose [FeS]) on preconditioning response biomarkers in subjects who are at risk for AKI following cardiac surgery.

  • Age18 years and older
  • GenderBoth
  • Start Date10/06/2021
  • End Date06/30/2022

Trial Purpose and Description

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of RBT-1 (stannous protoporphyrin [SnPP]/iron sucrose [FeS]) on preconditioning response biomarkers in subjects who are at risk for AKI following cardiac surgery.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female subjects ≥18 years of age at Screening.
  2. Able and willing to comply with all study procedures.
  3. Stable kidney function per Investigator assessment and no known episodes of AKI during the preceding 4 weeks.
  4. Scheduled to undergo non-emergent coronary and/or valve surgery(ies) requiring cardiopulmonary bypass, including:
    • CABG alone;
    • Combined CABG surgery/repair of 1 or more cardiac valves;
    • Cardiac valve(s) replacement or repair alone.
  5. Females and males of childbearing potential must agree to use 2 forms of contraception, with at least 1 being a barrier method, or abstain from sexual activity for 30 days following study drug administration.
  6. Male subjects must agree not to donate or sell sperm for 30 days following study drug administration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Presence of AKI (KDIGO criteria) at the time of Screening.
  2. Surgery to be performed without cardiopulmonary bypass.
  3. Surgery to be performed under conditions of circulatory arrest or hypothermia with rectal temperature <28°C (82.4°F).
  4. eGFR ≤20 mL/min/1.73m2 or need for dialysis.
  5. Surgery for aortic dissection or to correct a major congenital heart defect.
  6. Administration of iodinated contrast media within 24 hours prior to cardiac surgery or evidence of contrast-induced nephropathy prior to cardiac surgery.
  7. Cardiogenic shock or hemodynamic instability within the 24 hours prior to surgery and requirement for inotropes or vasopressors or other mechanical devices, such as intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation.
  8. Requirement for any of the following within 7 days prior to cardiac surgery:
    • Defibrillator or permanent pacemaker;
    • Mechanical ventilation;
    • Intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation;
    • Left ventricular assist device;
    • Other forms of mechanical circulatory support.
  9. Known history of cancer within the past 2 years, except for carcinoma in situ of the cervix or adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
  10. Known or suspected sepsis at time of Screening or confirmed or treated endocarditis within 30 days prior to cardiac surgery.
  11. Other current active infection requiring systemic antibiotic treatment.
  12. Inadequate hepatic function, defined as total bilirubin or alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase >2X the upper limit of normal at time of Screening or Child Pugh Class C liver disease or higher.
  13. Any congenital coagulation disorder.
  14. Asplenia (anatomic or functional).
  15. History of photosensitivity or active skin disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could be worsened by RBT-1.
  16. Known hypersensitivity or previous anaphylaxis to SnPP or any tin-based product.
  17. Serum ferritin >500 ng/mL or those who have received IV iron within 28 days of Screening.
  18. Pregnancy or lactation.
  19. Treatment with an investigational drug or participation in an interventional study within 30 days prior to administration of study drug.
  20. In the opinion of the Investigator, any disease processes or confounding variables that would inappropriately alter the outcome of the study.
  21. Inability to comply with the requirements of the study protocol.