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Phase Pilot

Sleep Intervention for Heavy Drinking Young Adults

  • Study HIC#:2000021048
  • Last Updated:07/15/2021

Brief Summary:

This research study is examining three different components of a mobile sleep intervention: web-based sleep hygiene advice, sleep and alcohol diary self-monitoring, and personalized sleep and alcohol consumption feedback. The study is designed to find out which of these components are most effective for mitigating alcohol use disorders and improving sleep quality among young adults. The study has three parts: 1) an intake session; 2) a 2-week treatment phase; and 3) three follow-up visits over the next 10 weeks.

  • Age18 years - 25 years
  • GenderBoth
  • Start Date06/27/2018
  • End Date07/31/2021

Trial Purpose and Description

The current proposal will develop and test a mobile sleep/alcohol self-monitoring + sleep/alcohol data feedback intervention in 120 heavy-drinking young adults. All participants will wear sleep and alcohol trackers daily. The primary intervention will include: (1) web-based sleep hygiene advice + sleep/alcohol diary self-monitoring + sleep/alcohol data feedback. This condition (n=60) will be compared to the matched control conditions that only include these components: (1) web-based sleep hygiene advice (n=30) or (2) web-based sleep hygiene advice + sleep/alcohol diary self-monitoring (n=30). The primary objective is to evaluate sleep intervention component feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy on alcohol outcomes.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 18-25 years of age;
  2. report ≥ 3 heavy drinking occasions in the last 2 weeks (i.e., ≥5 drinks on 1 occasion for men; ≥4 for women);
  3. report having concerns about their sleep;
  4. willing/able to complete daily sleep diaries and wear sleep and alcohol trackers;
  5. report Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption (AUDIT-C) scores indicative of risk of harm from drinking (i.e., ≥7 and ≥5 for men and women, respectively)
  6. read and understand English;
  7. have a smartphone that can be used to sync tracker data. An estimated 86% of young adults own a smartphone.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. history of a sleep disorder;
  2. night or rotating shift work; travel beyond 2 time zones in month prior and/or planned travel beyond 2 time zones during study participation;
  3. meet criteria for an alcohol use disorder in the past 12 months that is clinically severe defined by: a) a history of seizures, delirium, or hallucinations during alcohol withdrawal; b) report drinking to avoid withdrawal symptoms or have had prior treatment of alcohol withdrawal; c) have required medical treatment of alcohol withdrawal in the past 6 months;
  4. currently enrolled in alcohol or sleep treatment;
  5. exhibit current psychiatric illness (i.e., bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, major depression, panic disorder, borderline personality disorder, organic mood or mental disorders, or suicide or violence risk) by history or psychological examination;
  6. current DSM-V substance use disorder or a positive urine drug screen for opiates, cocaine, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, amphetamines, or phencyclidine.

Sub-Investigators

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