US Pilot Study of the CereVasc® eShunt® System in Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
- Study HIC#:2000032178
- Last Updated:04/21/2023
The eShunt® System is a minimally invasive method of treating communicating hydrocephalus. The eShunt System includes a proprietary eShunt Delivery System and the eShunt Implant, a permanent implant deployed in a minimally invasive, neuro-interventional procedure. The eShunt System is intended to shunt cerebrospinal fluid from the intracranial subarachnoid space to the venous system for the treatment of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus, reducing disability due to symptoms including one or more of gait disturbance, cognitive dysfunction and urinary incontinence.
- Age65 years - 85 years
For more information about this study, including how to volunteer, contact:
- Phone Number: 1-203-785-3490
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Trial Purpose and Description
This is a prospective, non-randomized, open-label, multi-center, pilot study in subjects with normal pressure hydrocephalus for whom a traditional cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt implant is indicated.
Up to 10 subjects will receive the eShunt Implant at up to three investigational sites. It is anticipated that up to 45 patients may need to be enrolled (consented) in order to result in 10 subjects who qualify according to the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Subjects will return for five follow-up visits in the first year and then continue to attend visits every six months until the study is closed or up to five years post-implantation.
The study objectives are to demonstrate safety of the eShunt Procedure, as well as demonstrate safety and efficacy of the eShunt Implant in a small sample of patients. Subjects will be followed long-term; primary analysis results will be used to support additional studies.
- Patients 65-85 years old for whom traditional CSF shunt placement is indicated based upon a diagnostic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) evaluation
- Patient or legally authorized representative is able and willing to provide written informed consent
- History or evidence of gait impairment duration ≥6 months
- Clinical presentation consistent with NPH including 2 or more of the clinical triad (i.e., history of gait disturbance, progressive mental deterioration, and urinary urgency or incontinence), together with:
- Brain MRI signs of ventricular enlargement disproportionate to cerebral atrophy (Evans' Index >0.3) and the absence of severe hippocampal atrophy
- Pre-procedure spinal tap test or lumbar drain with subsequent gait disturbance improvement (Timed Up and Go Test) of at least 20%
- CSF opening pressure ≥10 cmH2O
- Baseline cognitive evaluation assessed by Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test score 12-25 (consistent with mild to moderate cognitive dysfunction)
- Pre-procedure MRI confirmation of anatomy suitable for eShunt Procedure, as described in Section 184.108.40.206.2 and confirmed by subject screening committee (SSC)
- Pre-procedure CT confirmation of anatomy suitable for eShunt Procedure, as described in Section 220.127.116.11.2 and confirmed by SSC
- Unable to walk 10 meters (33 feet) with or without an assistive device
- Signs or symptoms of obstructive hydrocephalus
- Active systemic infection or infection detected in CSF
- Prior or existing shunts, endoscopic third ventriculostomy, or any previous surgical intervention for hydrocephalus
- Hypersensitivity or contraindication to heparin or radiographic contrast agents which cannot be adequately pre-medicated, desensitized or where no alternative is available
- Occlusion or stenosis of the internal jugular vein
- Venous distension in the neck on physical exam
- Atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale identified on cardiac echocardiogram
- History of bleeding diatheses, coagulopathy or will refuse blood transfusion in cases of emergency
- Stroke or transient ischemic attack within 180 days of eShunt Procedure
- Presence of a deep vein thrombosis superior to the popliteal vein
- International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) results outside of normal range (INR 0.8-1.4; PTT 25-35 seconds)
- Presence of a posterior fossa tumor or mass
- Life expectancy < 1 year
- Currently participating in another investigational drug or device trial that could conflict with study data collection or follow-up
- Other medical illnesses that may cause the patient to be non-compliant with the protocol or confound data interpretation
- Unwilling or unable to comply with follow-up requirements