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Phase II

A Phase 2 Study of the JAK1/JAK2 Inhibitor Ruxolitinib With Chemotherapy in Children With De Novo High-Risk CRLF2-Rearranged and/or JAK Pathway-Mutant Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

  • Study HIC#:1606018018
  • Last Updated:07/15/2021

This is a nonrandomized study of ruxolitinib in combination with a standard multi-agent chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Part 1 of the study will optimize the dose of study drug (ruxolitinib) in combination with the chemotherapy regimen. Part 2 will evaluate the efficacy of combination chemotherapy and ruxolitinib at the recommended dose determined in Part 1.

  • Start Date06/08/2020
  • End Date02/01/2024

Trial Purpose and Description

Primary Outcome Measures  :

  1. Part 1: Safety/tolerability of ruxolitinib in combination with chemotherapy as measured by adverse events (AEs), vital signs, clinical laboratory tests, and echocardiograms [ Time Frame: Part 1: AEs assessed from screening through up to 30 days after the last dose of study drug, expected to be 26 months (females) or 38 months (males) ]
  2. Part 2: Efficacy of ruxolitinib in combination with chemotherapy as measured by Event-free survival, defined as the percentage of patients alive without relapse, progression, or death at 3 years from study Day 1 [ Time Frame: Part 2: assessed at 3 years ]

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Eligible Ages in Australia and Canada; 2 years to 21 years
  • De novo high-risk (HR) Ph-like B-ALL for which any of following criteria are present at diagnosis:
    • Age ≥ 10 years
    • White blood cell (WBC) ≥ 50 × 10^3/μL
    • CNS3 leukemia
    • Systemic steroid pretreatment without presteroid WBC documentation
  • One of the following Ph-like ALL genetic lesions must be present in the diagnostic bone marrow or peripheral blood sample:
    • CRLF2 rearrangement with JAK1 or JAK2 mutation (JAK+)
    • CRLF2 rearrangement without JAK mutation
    • Other JAK pathway alterations (eg, JAK2 fusions, erythropoietin receptor (EPO-R) fusions, SH2B3 deletions, interleukin-7 receptor-alpha (IL7RA) mutations) with or without CRLF2 rearrangement
  • Completed a 4-drug Induction therapy regimen (modified aBFM regimen or equivalent) in Study AALL1131 or as the institutional standard of care for HR B-ALL and have had end-Induction minimal residual disease (MRD) assessed
  • Male and female subjects of reproductive non childbearing potential or willing to take appropriate precautions to avoid pregnancy or fathering a child for the duration of study participation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Receipt of any other cytotoxic chemotherapy before Induction therapy, with exception of hydroxyurea or steroid pretreatment
  • Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome)
  • BCR-ABL1-rearranged (Ph+) ALL
  • Calculated creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate < 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Alanine aminotransferase ≥ 5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • Direct bilirubin ≥ 1.5 × ULN (may be assumed if total bilirubin is below ULN)
  • History or evidence of cirrhosis
  • Platelet count < 75 × 10^3/μL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 750/μL
  • Positive screen for hepatitis B or C
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus infection

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